Node.js in Debian wheezy

How to set-up node.js in Debian wheezy

Originally posted .

See also an updated version, which shows how to install node.js 0.10.1 from experimental repos. (This guide uses Debian unstable, which has currently node.js 0.6.19.)


Node.js is currently available in Debian unstable (sid) repositories. You can add sid repositories to wheezy without mixing too much packages using apt-pinning.


# Packages from wheezy get priority 900
Package: *
Pin: release n=wheezy
Pin-Priority: 900

# Well, I have also squeeze repositories enabled, but I prefer wheezy
Package: *
Pin: release n=squeeze
Pin-Priority: 600

# Other packages are installed only when forced (ie. apt-get -t unstable install <package>)
Package: *
Pin: release o=Debian
Pin-Priority: -10


deb wheezy main non-free contrib
#deb-src wheezy main non-free contrib

deb wheezy/updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

deb sid main non-free contrib
#deb-src sid main non-free contrib

deb squeeze main contrib non-free
#deb-src squeeze main contrib non-free

deb squeeze/updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src squeeze/updates main contrib non-free

deb squeeze-updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src squeeze-updates main contrib non-free

Then, complete installation by running apt-get apt-get -t unstable install nodejs npm

Link to /usr/bin/node

Currently nodejs package in Debian sid provides only /usr/bin/nodejs, and there exists lots of scripts which depend on /usr/bin/node, so they break when using node.js in Debian w/ default installation. Binary naming is caused by package node (Amateur Packet Radio Node program), which also provides /usr/bin/node. Debian package policy forbids conflicting binary naming, so node.js is renamed.

You can fix this in a Debian way by using update-alternatives.

update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/node node /usr/bin/nodejs 10

Now node.js binary is linked to /usr/bin/node.


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