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Node.js in Debian wheezy How to set-up node.js in Debian wheezy


See also an updated version, which shows how to install node.js 0.10.1 from experimental repos. (This guide uses Debian unstable, which has currently node.js 0.6.19.)

Installation

Node.js is currently available in Debian unstable (sid) repositories. You can add sid repositories to wheezy without mixing too much packages using apt-pinning.

/etc/apt/preferences.d/999-pinning

# Packages from wheezy get priority 900
Package: *
Pin: release n=wheezy
Pin-Priority: 900

# Well, I have also squeeze repositories enabled, but I prefer wheezy
Package: *
Pin: release n=squeeze
Pin-Priority: 600

# Other packages are installed only when forced (ie. apt-get -t unstable install <package>)
Package: *
Pin: release o=Debian
Pin-Priority: -10

/etc/apt/sources.list

deb http://ftp.fi.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main non-free contrib
#deb-src http://ftp.fi.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main non-free contrib

deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib non-free

deb http://ftp.se.debian.org/debian/ sid main non-free contrib
#deb-src http://ftp.fi.debian.org/debian/ sid main non-free contrib

deb http://ftp.fi.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free
#deb-src http://ftp.fi.debian.org/debian/ squeeze main contrib non-free

deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib non-free

deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-updates main contrib non-free
#deb-src http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ squeeze-updates main contrib non-free

Then, complete installation by running apt-get apt-get -t unstable install nodejs npm

Link to /usr/bin/node

Currently nodejs package in Debian sid provides only /usr/bin/nodejs, and there exists lots of scripts which depend on /usr/bin/node, so they break when using node.js in Debian w/ default installation. Binary naming is caused by package node (Amateur Packet Radio Node program), which also provides /usr/bin/node. Debian package policy forbids conflicting binary naming, so node.js is renamed.

You can fix this in a Debian way by using update-alternatives. update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/node node /usr/bin/nodejs 10

Now node.js binary is linked to /usr/bin/node.

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